History of Sultanpur Lodhi

Sultanpur Lodhi (31, 22N; 75,20E) is situated on the left bank of a rivulet Kali Bein, about 6 miles above the confluence of Beas and Sutlej. It is about 40 kms. from Jallandhar and 25 Kms from Kapurthala on Kapurthal-Firozepur railway line.

Sultanpur Lodhi is one of the ancient cities of Punjab. This city has remained the major centre of meditation and knowledge of Buddhism from Ist century to 6th century. Then it was known as SARWANPUR. In 8th century this place was established as a great empire of Hinduism and Buddhism. Many coins and objects testify its antique. City was burnt to ashes by the Islamic invader Mehmood Gaznavi. The proof of this can be found in the layer of black soil, found few meteres below the ground level here.

The present Sultanpur Lodhi was founded by Sultan Khan, son of General (Faujdar or Hakam) Nawab Wali Muhamad Khan, cousin brother of the emperor Nasiru ud Din Muhamad Shah in 12th century. This new city became the centre point of the old trade route between Delhi and Lahore. The city consisted of 32 major markets and more than 5600 shops. The city was spread in 8 miles. The ‘Kali Vein’ ran through the centre of the city. At the end of 14th century the Governor of Lahore Daulat Khan ruled the city when Guru Nanak came to the city and stayed here for more than 14 years. Daulat Khan gave a new landscape to the environment of this town and turned it into a Nakhilstan (Green patch) and playhunt (Shikargah). Industry and education also flourished. This place became the centre for embroidered clothes and cotton products. Muslim Emperor established a University in Sultanpur Lodhi. Even the Royal people from Delhi came to this University and other Madrassas to gain education. Abdul Latif was the scholar of that time. Dara Shikoh and Aurangzeb are said to have received higher education from this scholar. A large castle was raised here in the time of Mughal Emperor, Akbar, in which thousands of troupes could stay. There are many ruins of the past glory still standing splendidly the wrath of times

Once again the town was destroyed by Nadar Shah in 1739 and then by Ahmed Shah Abdali but the city refused to eat the dust. Later on, Sardar Jassa Singh Ahluwalia took the historic monuments under his custody and re-established the city from the beginning. He constructed five gurudwaras in memory of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and sixth one-Sehra Sahib in the memory of Guru Arjan Dev who visited this town on the occasion of his marriage alongwith his father Guru Hargobind on way to Dalla.

Though Sultanpur Lodhi has Muslim associations and Islamic resonance, yet in reality the present Sultanpur Lodhi is sacred place of the Sikh community where the first Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak spent more than 14 years. He composed most of his Bani here which speaks of humanism and spiritualism. It was from here he started his divine mission of spreading love for humanity. Thousands of Sikhs from India and abroad visit this holy city to pay obeisance.

Apart from the Sikh Gurudwaras there are many Hindu temples and Muslim dargahs also. Sultanpur Lodhi has about six Hindu temples spread out in the whole town.

As per 2001 census Sultanpur Lodhi has a population of 15653. Its average literacy rate of 71% is higher than the national average of 59.5%.Male literacy is 73% and female literacy is 68%.